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PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE

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The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number
  • 6423-43-4   (PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE)
none
DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
data unavailable none
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
Propylene glycol dinitrateexternal link
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
Colorless liquid with a disagreeable odor. Mp: -30°C. Density 1.37 g/cm3 at 20°C. Slightly soluble in water (7.97 g/L H2O at 24.85°C).

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
  • Explosive
  • Strong Oxidizing Agent
Air & Water Reactions
No rapid reaction with air No rapid reaction with water Soluble in water
Fire Hazard
No information available.
Health Hazard
Exposure Routes: inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

Symptoms: Irritation eyes; conjunctivitis; methemoglobinemia; headache, impaired balance, visual disturbance

Target Organs: Eyes, central nervous system, blood, liver, kidneys (NIOSH, 2016)
Reactivity Profile
PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE is explosive. Acts as a strong oxidizing agent. Heating may cause a violent combustion or explosion producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides). May also decompose explosively from shock, friction or from a build-up of electrostatic charge that sparks suddenly to ground. Can begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in an explosion if mixed with reducing agents including hydrides, sulfides, and nitrides and numerous ordinary combustible materials. Reacts violently with Al, BP, cyanides, esters, PN2H, P, NaCN, SnCl2, sodium hypophosphite, and thiocyanates. Reacts with acids and with alkalis, including ammonia and amines. Must be stored in a cool, ventilated place, away from acute fire hazards and easily oxidized materials.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

  • Cellulose-Based Absorbents
  • Expanded Polymeric Absorbents

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
No information available.
Firefighting
No information available.
Non-Fire Response
No information available.
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: No recommendation is made specifying the need for washing the substance from the skin (either immediately or at the end of the work shift).

Remove: No recommendation is made specifying the need for removing clothing that becomes wet or contaminated.

Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift. (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
Eye: If this chemical contacts the eyes, immediately wash the eyes with large amounts of water, occasionally lifting the lower and upper lids. Get medical attention immediately. Contact lenses should not be worn when working with this chemical.

Skin: If this chemical contacts the skin, wash the contaminated skin with soap and water.

Breathing: If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible.

Swallow: If this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention immediately. (NIOSH, 2016)

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • CH3CNO2OHCHNO2OH
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 18 ° F (NIOSH, 2016)
Vapor Pressure: 0.07 mm Hg at 72 ° F (NIOSH, 2016)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 1.23 at 77 ° F (NIOSH, 2016)
Boiling Point: data unavailable
Molecular Weight: 166.1 (NIOSH, 2016)
Water Solubility: 0.1 % (NIOSH, 2016)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

Final AEGLs for Propylene Glycol Dinitrate (main component of Otto Fuel 106602-80-6) (6423-43-4)
Exposure Period AEGL-1 AEGL-2 AEGL-3
10 minutes 0.33 ppm 2 ppm 16 ppm
30 minutes 0.33 ppm 2 ppm 16 ppm
60 minutes 0.17 ppm 1 ppm 13 ppm
4 hours 0.05 ppm 0.25 ppm 8 ppm
8 hours 0.03 ppm 0.13 ppm 5.3 ppm
(NAC/NRC, 2017)

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Propylene glycol dinitrate (6423-43-4) 0.17 ppm 1 ppm 13 ppm
(DOE, 2016)

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.
  • ISOPROPYLENE NITRATE
  • NSC 62614
  • PGDN
  • PROPYLENE DINITRATE
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
  • 1,2-PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE; (OTTO FUEL)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL-1,2-DINITRATE
  • PROPYLENE NITRATE

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