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CARBON, ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE ORIGIN

4.2 - Spontaneously combustible
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The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond, U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number
  • 16291-96-6
DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • Spontaneously Combustible
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
none none
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
A black powder or granular mixed with a tar or starch and water binder pressed into regular lumps or briquettes. Heats slowly and ignites in air especially if wet.

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts, air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
Flammable. Insoluble in water.
Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Incomplete combustion forms toxic carbon monoxide. (USCG, 1999)
Health Hazard
No significant symptoms (USCG, 1999)
Reactivity Profile
Explosions have occurred when liquid air contacts organic matter. A cracked tube of activated charcoal immersed in liquid air exploded violently [J. Sci. Inst. 5:24 1928]. Zinc chlorate and charcoal (or finely divided organic material) form mixtures that may ignite or explode. Ignition or explosion may be caused by friction, percussion, or shock [U.S. Army Ordnance Safety Manual 1951].
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

No information available.

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 133 [Flammable Solids]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 25 meters (75 feet) in all directions.

LARGE SPILL: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 100 meters (330 feet).

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Excerpt from ERG Guide 133 [Flammable Solids]:

SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical, CO2, sand, earth, water spray or regular foam.

LARGE FIRE: Water spray, fog or regular foam. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Fire Involving Metal Pigments or Pastes (e.g. "Aluminum Paste") Aluminum Paste fires should be treated as a combustible metal fire. Use DRY sand, graphite powder, dry sodium chloride-based extinguishers, G-1® or Met-L-X® powder. Also, see ERG Guide 170.

FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. (ERG, 2016)
Non-Fire Response
Excerpt from ERG Guide 133 [Flammable Solids]:

ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). Do not touch or walk through spilled material.

SMALL DRY SPILL: With clean shovel, place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.

LARGE SPILL: Wet down with water and dike for later disposal. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. (ERG, 2016)
Protective Clothing
Respirator for dust (USCG, 1999)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
No treatment required (USCG, 1999)

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: data unavailable
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 2 at 68 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Boiling Point: Very high (USCG, 1999)
Molecular Weight: 12 (USCG, 1999)
Water Solubility: data unavailable
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

No PAC information available.

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.
  • ACTIVATED CARBON
  • ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
  • ANIMAL CARBON
  • AUL-X
  • AZL 68
  • CARBOLEN
  • CARBON, ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE ORIGIN
  • CHARCOAL
  • CHARCOAL SCREENINGS, MADE FROM PINON WOOD
  • CHARCOAL SCREENINGS, OTHER THAN PINON WOOD SCREENINGS
  • CHARCOAL, BRIQUETTES
  • CHARCOAL, SHELL
  • CHARCOAL, WOOD
  • CHARCOAL, WOOD, GROUND, CRUSHED, GRANULATED OR PULVERIZED
  • EDEX-MFC
  • GRAPHITE (SYNTHETIC)
  • LH 2C20/48
  • MINERAL CARBON
  • SHELL CHARCOAL
  • SYNTHAD
  • VEGETABLE CARBON
  • WH 5C8/32
  • WOOD CHARCOAL
  • X 7100-3

Version 2.7.1