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DIETHYL-P-NITROPHENYL PHOSPHATE

6.1 - Poison
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The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond, U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number
  • 311-45-5
DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • Poison
none
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
none none
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Reddish-yellow oily liquid with a faint fruity odor. (NTP, 1992)

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts, air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
No rapid reaction with air. No rapid reaction with water.
Fire Hazard
Flash point data for this compound are not available; however, it is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)
Health Hazard
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of related compounds include anorexia, headache, dizziness, weakness, anxiety, tremors of the tongue and eyelids; miosis, impairment of visual acuity; nausea, salivation, tearing, abdominal cramps, vomiting, sweating, slow pulse, muscular fasciculations, diarrhea, pinpoint and nonreactive pupils; respiratory difficulty, pulmonary edema, cyanosis, loss of sphincter, convulsions, coma and heart block.

ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This chemical is a cholinesterase inhibitor. (NTP, 1992)
Reactivity Profile
Organophosphates are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

  • Cellulose-Based Absorbents
  • Expanded Polymeric Absorbents

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 152 [Substances - Toxic (Combustible)]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.

SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. (NTP, 1992)
Non-Fire Response
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: If you spill this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION, then use absorbent paper to pick up liquid spill material. Your contaminated clothing and absorbent paper should be sealed in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with toluene followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do no reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.

STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should store this material in a refrigerator. (NTP, 1992)
Protective Clothing
MINIMUM PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: If Tyvek-type disposable protective clothing is not worn during handling of this chemical, wear disposable Tyvek-type sleeves taped to your gloves.

RECOMMENDED RESPIRATOR: Where the neat test chemical is weighed and diluted, wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with a combination filter cartridge, i.e. organic vapor/acid gas/HEPA (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas, SO2 and a high efficiency particulate filter). (NTP, 1992)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital for treatment after washing the affected areas.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS ARE EXTREMELY TOXIC AND FAST-ACTING POISONS. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital of poison control center and transport the victim to a hospital. Atropine is an antidote for cholinesterase inhibitors but should only be administered by properly trained personnel. In the absence of this option and if the victim is conscious and not convulsing, it may be worth considering the risk of inducing vomiting, even though the induction of vomiting is not usually recommended outside of a physician's care. Ipecac syrup or salt water may be used to induce vomiting in such an emergency. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, assure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C10H14NO6P
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: data unavailable
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 1.274 at 68 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Boiling Point: 336 to 338 ° F at 760 mm Hg (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Weight: 275.22 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: Sparingly soluble (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

No PAC information available.

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

Regulatory Name CAS Number/
313 Category Code
EPCRA 302
EHS TPQ
EPCRA 304
EHS RQ
CERCLA RQ EPCRA 313
TRI
RCRA
Code
CAA 112(r)
RMP TQ
Diethyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate 311-45-5 100 pounds P041

(EPA List of Lists, 2015)

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.
  • CHINORTA
  • CHINORTO
  • DIETHYL 4-NITROPHENYL PHOSPHATE
  • DIETHYL P-NITROPHENYL PHOSPHATE
  • DIETHYL PARAOXON
  • DIETHYL-P-NITROPHENYL PHOSPHATE
  • E 600
  • E 600 (PESTICIDE)
  • ENT 16,087
  • ESTER 25
  • ETHYL P-NITROPHENYL ETHYLPHOSPHATE
  • ETHYL PARAOXON
  • ETICOL
  • FOSFACOL
  • FOSFAKOL
  • HC 2072
  • MINTACO
  • MINTACOL
  • MIOTISAL
  • MIOTISAL A
  • 4-NITROPHENYL DIETHYL PHOSPHATE
  • O,O-DIETHYL O-P-NITROPHENYL PHOSPHATE
  • O,O-DIETHYL PHOSPHORIC ACID O-P-NITROPHENYL ESTER
  • OXYPARATHION
  • P-NITROPHENYL DIETHYL PHOSPHATE
  • P-NITROPHENYLDIETHYL PHOSPHATE
  • PARAOXAN
  • PARAOXON
  • PARAOXON-ETHYL
  • PARAOXONE
  • PAROXAN
  • PESTOX 101
  • PHENOL, P-NITRO-, ESTER WITH DIETHYL PHOSPHATE
  • PHOSPHACHOLE
  • PHOSPHACOL
  • PHOSPHAKOL
  • PHOSPHORIC ACID DIETHYL 4-NITROPHENYL ESTER
  • PHOSPHORIC ACID, DIETHYL P-NITROPHENYL ESTER
  • SOLUGLACIT
  • TS 219

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