Chemical Identifier fields
include common identification numbers, the
U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general
description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes
from a variety of
|DOT Hazard Label
||USCG CHRIS Code
|NIOSH Pocket Guide
||International Chem Safety Card
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: White to nearly-white microcrystalline powder or granules. Odorless. Melting point 211-212°C. Aqueous solutions are slightly alkaline. Slightly bitter, numbing taste.
Air & Water Reactions
This chemical darkens slowly on exposure to air and light. Water insoluble. Readily soluble in aqueous solutions of inorganic acids. Solutions undergo oxidation in the presence of oxygen.
Flash point data for this chemical are not available. It is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include restlessness, anxiety, fear, throbbing headache, tremor, weakness, dizziness, palpitations, cerebral hemorrhage and cardiac arrhythmias. Other symptoms may include pallor, tenseness and respiratory difficulty. The blood pressure is markedly raised initially but may be below normal later, and may be accompanied by persistent anuria. Exposure may also result in ventricular fibrillation, dyspnea, hyperglycemia, tachycardia, coldness of the extremities and pulmonary edema. Exposure may also result in convulsions, nausea and vomiting, chills, cyanosis, irritability, fever, nervousness, suicidal behavior, mania, blurred vision, opisthotonus, spasms, gasping respiration, coma, respiratory failure and, rarely, death. Contact with this compound may cause irritation. It may also cause contact dermatitis. Inhalation may cause bronchial irritation, sleeplessness and rapid heartbeat. It may also cause epigastric pain. Inhalation or injection of the decomposed chemical will cause a psychosis-like state with hallucinations and morbid fears. Prolonged nasal use leads to chronic nasal congestion. Facial flushing has been reported. Other symptoms of exposure include faintness, trembling, perspiration and extrasystoles. Eye effects include epithelial disturbances such as allergy or contact sensitivity characterized by itching and burning sensation, epiphora and hyperemia of the conjunctiva and lids; reactive hyperemia, tiny black or dark-brown deposits in the conjunctiva, "black cornea", epithelial edema and, rarely, follicular conjunctivitis, white keratinized plaque in the conjunctiva, ocular pemphigoid, loss of eyelashes, excessive tearing and persistent meibomianitis. Other eye effects include corneal endothelial disturbances such as dilated pupils and corneal edema; retinopathy and choroidopathy; lens changes and intraocular pressure. Eye inflammation also occurs.
ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound is highly toxic by ingestion. It may be fatal by inhalation or skin absorption. It may cause irritation. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides. (NTP, 1992)
EPINEPHRINE is incompatible with oxidizers, alkalis, copper, iron, silver, zinc and other metals; gum and tannin. It is also incompatible with acids, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides. It reacts with salts of sulfurous acid (NTP, 1992).
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents
Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been
known to react with the
More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...
- Mineral-Based & Clay-Based Absorbents
Response Recommendation fields
include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for
firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The
information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 154
[Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible)]:
As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.
FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. A water spray may also be used. (NTP, 1992)
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: If you spill this chemical, you should dampen the solid spill material with 5% acetic acid, then transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with 5% acetic acid to pick up any remaining material. Your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper should be sealed in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash all contaminated surfaces with 5% acetic acid followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should protect this chemical from exposure to light. Keep the container tightly closed under an inert atmosphere, and store under ambient temperatures. (NTP, 1992)
RECOMMENDED RESPIRATOR: Where the neat test chemical is weighed and diluted, wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with a combination filter cartridge, i.e. organic vapor/acid gas/HEPA (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas, SO2 and a high efficiency particulate filter). (NTP, 1992)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.
INGESTION: If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Generally, the induction of vomiting is NOT recommended outside of a physician's care due to the risk of aspirating the chemical into the victim's lungs. However, if the victim is conscious and not convulsing and if medical help is not readily available, consider the risk of inducing vomiting because of the high toxicity of the chemical ingested. Ipecac syrup or salt water may be used in such an emergency. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
412 to 414 ° F
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: data unavailable
Boiling Point: data unavailable
less than 0.1 mg/mL
at 64° F
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable
AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)
No AEGL information available.
ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)
No ERPG information available.
PACs (Protective Action Criteria)
No PAC information available.
Regulatory Information fields
include information from
the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of
the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility
and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's
Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List
(see more about these
EPA Consolidated List of Lists
313 Category Code
(EPA List of Lists, 2015)
DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
No regulatory information available.
OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List
No regulatory information available.
This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical,
including trade names and synonyms.
- ADRENALIN IN OIL
- ASMATANE MIST
- ASTHMA METER MIST
- 1,2-BENZENEDIOL, 4-[1-HYDROXY-2-(METHYLAMINO)ETHYL]-, (R)-
- BENZYL ALCOHOL, 3,4-DIHYDROXY-ALPHA-[(METHYLAMINO)METHYL]-, (-)-
- BRONKAID MIST
- (-)-3,4-DIHYDROXY-ALPHA-((METHYLAMINO)METHYL)BENZYL ALCOHOL
- 3,4-DIHYDROXY-ALPHA-((METHYLAMINO)METHYL)BENZYL ALCOHOL
- 3,4-DIHYDROXY-ALPHA-[(METHYLAMINO)METHYL]BENZYL ALCOHOL
- L-EPINEPHRINE (SYNTHETIC)
- PRIMATENE MIST
- SYMPATHIN I
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