|CAS Number||UN/NA Number|
|DOT Hazard Label||USCG CHRIS Code|
|NIOSH Pocket Guide||International Chem Safety Card|
|Health||2||Can cause temporary incapacitation or residual injury.|
|Flammability||4||Burns readily. Rapidly or completely vaporizes at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature.|
|Instability||2||Readily undergoes violent chemical changes at elevated temperatures and pressures.|
- Highly Flammable
- Peroxidizable Compound
Behavior in Fire: Container may explode in fire. Gas is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. (USCG, 1999)
Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...
- Mineral-Based & Clay-Based Absorbents
IMMEDIATE PRECAUTIONARY MEASURE: Isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters (330 feet) in all directions.
LARGE SPILL: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 800 meters (1/2 mile).
FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2020)
DO NOT EXTINGUISH A LEAKING GAS FIRE UNLESS LEAK CAN BE STOPPED.
SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical or CO2.
LARGE FIRE: Water spray or fog. If it can be done safely, move undamaged containers away from the area around the fire.
FIRE INVOLVING TANKS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Do not direct water at source of leak or safety devices; icing may occur. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. (ERG, 2020)
ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames) from immediate area. All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Do not direct water at spill or source of leak. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. If possible, turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. Isolate area until gas has dispersed. (ERG, 2020)
Skin: FROSTBITE - Compressed gases may create low temperatures when they expand rapidly. Leaks and uses that allow rapid expansion may cause a frostbite hazard. Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent the skin from becoming frozen.
Eyes: FROSTBITE - Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact with the liquid that could result in burns or tissue damage from frostbite.
Wash skin: No recommendation is made specifying the need for washing the substance from the skin (either immediately or at the end of the work shift).
Remove: WHEN WET (FLAMMABLE) - Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard (i.e., for liquids with a flash point <100°F).
Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the workshift.
Provide: FROSTBITE WASH - Quick drench facilities and/or eyewash fountains should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is any possibility of exposure to liquids that are extremely cold or rapidly evaporating. (NIOSH, 2023)
|QS = Tychem 2000 SFR|
|QC = Tychem 2000|
|SL = Tychem 4000|
|C3 = Tychem 5000|
|TF = Tychem 6000|
|TP = Tychem 6000 FR|
|RC = Tychem RESPONDER® CSM|
|TK = Tychem 10000|
|RF = Tychem 10000 FR|
Special Warning from DuPont: Tychem® and Tyvek® fabrics should not be used around heat, flames, sparks or in potentially flammable or explosive environments. Only...
SKIN: CAUTION: Exposure of skin to compressed gases may result in freezing of the skin. Treatment for frostbite may be necessary. Remove the victim from the source of contamination. IMMEDIATELY wash affected areas gently with COLD water (and soap, if necessary) while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Dry carefully with clean, soft towels. If symptoms such as inflammation or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician or go to a hospital for treatment.
INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.
INGESTION: This compound is a gas, therefore inhalation is the first route of exposure.
OTHER: Since this chemical is a known or suspected carcinogen you should contact a physician for advice regarding the possible long term health effects and potential recommendation for medical monitoring. Recommendations from the physician will depend upon the specific compound, its chemical, physical and toxicity properties, the exposure level, length of exposure, and the route of exposure. (NTP, 1992)
Note: For Vapor Density and Specific Gravity, comparing the value to 1.0 can tell you if the chemical will likely sink/rise in air or sink/float in fresh water (respectively). Short phrases have been added to those values below as an aid. However, make sure to also consider the circumstances of a release. The Vapor Density comparisons are only valid when the gas escaping is at the same temperature as the surrounding air itself. If the chemical is escaping from a container where it was pressurized or refrigerated, it may first escape and behave as a heavy gas and sink in the air (even if it has a Vapor Density value less than 1). Also, the Specific Gravity comparisons are for fresh water (density 1.0 g/mL). If your spill is in salt water (density about 1.027 g/mL), you need to adjust the point of comparison. There are some chemicals that will sink in fresh water and float in salt water.
AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)
|10 minutes||450 ppm||2800 ppm||12000 ppm|
|30 minutes||310 ppm||1600 ppm||6800 ppm|
|60 minutes||250 ppm||1200 ppm||4800 ppm|
|4 hours||140 ppm||820 ppm||3400 ppm|
|8 hours||70 ppm||820 ppm||3400 ppm|
indicates value is 10-49% of LEL. Safety consideration against explosions must be taken into account.
ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)
|Vinyl Chloride (75-01-4)||500 ppm||5000 ppm||20000 ppm||LEL = 36000 ppm|
indicates value is 10-49% of LEL.
indicates value is 50-99% of LEL.
PACs (Protective Action Criteria)
|Vinyl chloride (75-01-4)||250 ppm||1200 ppm||4800 ppm||LEL = 38000 ppm|
EPA Consolidated List of Lists
|Regulatory Name||CAS Number/
313 Category Code
|CERCLA RQ||EPCRA 313
|Ethene, chloro-||75-01-4||1 pound||X||U043||10000 pounds|
|Vinyl chloride||75-01-4||1 pound||313||U043||10000 pounds|
- "X" indicates that this is a second name for an EPCRA section 313 chemical already included on this consolidated list. May also indicate that the same chemical with the same CAS number appears on another list with a different chemical name.
(EPA List of Lists, 2022)
CISA Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
|Chemical of Interest||CAS Number||Min Conc||STQ||Security
|Vinyl chloride; [Ethene, chloro-]||75-01-4||1.00 %||10000 pounds||flammable|
OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard ListNo regulatory information available.
- ETHENE, CHLORO-
- ETHYLENE MONOCHLORIDE
- ETHYLENE, CHLORO-
- VINYL C MONOMER
- VINYL CHLORIDE
- VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER
- VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER (VCM)
- VINYL CHLORIDE, STABILIZED