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METHYL DOPA

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The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number
  • 555-30-6
none
DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
data unavailable none
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
none none
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Colorless or almost colorless crystals or white to yellowish-white fine powder. Almost tasteless. In the sesquihydrate form. pH (saturated aqueous solution) about 5.0. (NTP, 1992)

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
Very hygroscopic. Slightly water soluble. May be sensitive to prolonged exposure to air and light. The stability of aqueous solutions is markedly dependent on pH, oxygen and the amount of initial reactant. Aqueous solutions are stable for up to 50 hours in acid and neutral pH (6.2). At pH 8.0, decomposition products are formed in 3 to 5 hours. Solutions develop a red tint that becomes progressively darker (eventually forming a black precipitate).
Fire Hazard
Flash point data for this chemical are not available; however, it is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)
Health Hazard
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound include edema (fluid retention), fever, diarrhea, mental depression, hepatic toxicity, arthralgia (with or without joint swelling), leukopenia, breast enlargement, amenorrhea, pancreatitis, myocarditis and hemolytic anemia. Parkinsonism, hypertension and galactorrhea (lactation) may occur. Reversible keratitis may also occur. Other symptoms include sedation (usually transient), asthenia, congestive heart failure, weight gain, vomiting, sialadenitis, sore or "black" tongue, distention, flatus, hyperprolactinemia, bone marrow depression, rheumatoid factor, abnormal liver function tests, pericarditis, decreased mental acuity, symptoms of cerebrovascular insufficiency, psychic disturbances including nightmares and reversible mild psychoses, rise in BUN, toxic epidermal necrosis and decreased libido. Exposure can cause headache, weakness, aggravation of angina pectoris, prolonged carotid sinus hypersensitivity, postural hypotension, bradycardia, colitis, nausea, constipation, dryness of the mouth, granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, positive tests for antinuclear antibody, LE cells, positive Coombs test, liver disorders including hepatitis and jaundice, lupus-like syndrome, Bell's palsy, involuntary choreoathetotic movements, dizziness, lightheadedness, paresthesias, myalgia, nasal stuffiness, skin rash and impotence. Exposure can also cause drowsiness, gastrointestinal upset, disorders of sexual function, salivary gland inflammation, uremia, liver damage (including cirrhosis), darkened urine, eosinophilia, syncope, cholestasis, eczema, oral ulceration, hyperpyrexia, ocular disturbances, febrile reaction, joint pain, nodular skin lesions, retroperitoneal fibrosis and biliary carcinoma. There has been a case of reversible malabsorption with partial villous atrophy, inflammatory infiltrate of the mucosa and giant-cell granuloma. Other symptoms may include sleep disturbances, anxiety, blurred vision, hepatic necrosis and lichenoid and granulomatous skin reactions. It may also cause menstrual cycle changes or disorders and effects on the newborn including abnormal neonatal measures, growth statistics and biochemical and metabolic changes.

ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: When heated to decomposition this compound emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. (NTP, 1992)
Reactivity Profile
METHYL DOPA undergoes catalytic oxygenation in the presence of magnesium, cupric, cobalt, nickel and ferric ions (NTP, 1992). A weakly acidic amino acid.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbent listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

  • Mineral-Based & Clay-Based Absorbents

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
No information available.
Firefighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. (NTP, 1992)
Non-Fire Response
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: If you spill this chemical, you should dampen the solid spill material with water, then transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with water to pick up any remaining material. Seal your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash all contaminated surfaces with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.

STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should keep this material in a tightly closed container under an inert atmosphere, and store it at refrigerated temperatures. (NTP, 1992)
Protective Clothing
RECOMMENDED RESPIRATOR: Where the neat test chemical is weighed and diluted, wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter. (NTP, 1992)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. If symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop, immediately transport the victim to a hospital.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C10H13NO4
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 572°F approximately (decomposes) (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: data unavailable
Boiling Point: data unavailable
Molecular Weight: 238.24 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: 1 to 10 mg/mL at 73°F (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Energy/Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

No PAC information available.

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

CISA Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.
  • ALANINE, 3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-2-METHYL-, L-
  • ALDOMET
  • ALDOMETIL
  • ALDOMIN
  • ALDOMINE
  • ALPHA MEDOPA
  • ALPHA-METHYL DOPA
  • ALPHA-METHYL-BETA-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-L-ALANINE
  • ALPHA-METHYL-L-3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE
  • ALPHA-METHYL-L-DOPA
  • ALPHA-METHYLDOPA
  • (-)-ALPHA-METHYLDOPA
  • ALPHAMETHYLDOPA
  • AMD
  • 2-AMINO-3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-2-METHYLPROPIONIC ACID
  • BAYER 1440 L
  • BAYER 1440L
  • BAYPRESOL
  • DOPAMET
  • DOPATEC
  • DOPEGYT
  • 3-HYDROXY-ALPHA-METHYL-L-TYROSINE SESQUIHYDRATE
  • 3-HYDROXY-ALPHA-METHYL-L-TYROSINE
  • 3-HYDROXY-ALPHA-METHYLTYROSINE
  • HYPERPAX
  • L-(-)-3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-2-METHYLALANINE
  • L-(-)-ALPHA-METHYL-BETA-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)ALANINE
  • L-(-)-BETA-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-ALPHA-METHYLALANINE
  • L-(ALPHA-MD)
  • L-2-AMINO-2-AMINO-2-METHYL-3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)PROPIONIC ACID SESQUIHYDRATE
  • L-3,4-DIHYDROXY-ALPHA-METHYLPHENYLALANINE
  • L-3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL-2-METHYLALANINE
  • L-3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)-2-METHYLALANINE
  • L-ALPHA-METHYL-3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE
  • L-ALPHA-METHYLDOPA
  • L-METHYLDOPA
  • MEDOMET
  • MEDOPA
  • MEDOPREN
  • METHOPLAIN
  • METHYL DOPA
  • 2-METHYL-3-(3,4-DIHYDROXYPHENYL)ALANINE
  • METHYL-L-DOPA
  • METHYLDOPA
  • METHYLDOPA SESQUIHYDRATE
  • (-)-METHYLDOPA
  • MK 351
  • MK. B51
  • NCI-C55721
  • NR.C 2294
  • PRESINOL
  • PRESOLISIN
  • (S)-(-)-ALPHA-METHYLDOPA
  • (S)-ALPHA-METHYLDOPA
  • SEDOMETIL
  • SEMBRINA

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