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ROTENONE

6.1 - Poison
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The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number
  • 83-79-4
DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • Poison
none
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
Rotenoneexternal link
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Colorless to brownish crystals or a white to brownish-white crystalline powder. Has neither odor nor taste. (NTP, 1992)

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
This chemical decomposes upon exposure to light or air. Insoluble in water.
Fire Hazard
Flash point data for this chemical are not available; however, it is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)
Health Hazard
Exposure Routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

Symptoms: Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; numb mucous membrane; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; muscle tremor, incoordination, clonic convulsions, stupor

Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system (NIOSH, 2016)
Reactivity Profile
ROTENONE is readily oxidized in the presence of alkalis. It is incompatible with oxidizers. (NTP, 1992).
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbent listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

  • Dirt/Earth

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 151 [Substances - Toxic (Non-combustible)]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.

SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. A water spray may also be used. (NTP, 1992)
Non-Fire Response
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: If a spill of this chemical occurs, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION, then you should dampen the solid spill material with acetone and transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with acetone to pick up any remaining material. Seal your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with acetone followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.

STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should protect this chemical from exposure to light. Keep the container tightly closed under an inert atmosphere, and store under refrigerated temperatures. (NTP, 1992)
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed and replaced.

Change: Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premise. (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Generally, the induction of vomiting is NOT recommended outside of a physician's care due to the risk of aspirating the chemical into the victim's lungs. However, if the victim is conscious and not convulsing and if medical help is not readily available, consider the risk of inducing vomiting because of the high toxicity of the chemical ingested. Ipecac syrup or salt water may be used in such an emergency. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C23H22O6
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 329 to 331 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Pressure: less than 0.0075 mm Hg at 68 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 1.27 at 68 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Boiling Point: 410 to 428 ° F at 0.5 mm Hg (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Weight: 394.42 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: less than 1 mg/mL at 68┬░ F (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: 2500 mg/m3 (NIOSH, 2016)

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Rotenone (83-79-4) 15 mg/m3 420 mg/m3 2500 mg/m3
(DOE, 2016)

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.
  • 1,2,12,12A-TETRAHYDRO-2-ALPHA-ISOPROPENYL-8,9-DIMETHOXY(1)BENZOPYRANO-(3,4-B)FURO(2,3-H)(1)BENZOPYRAN-6(6AH)-ONE
  • BARBASCO
  • (1)BENZOPYRANO(3,4-B)FURO(2,3-H)(1)BENZOPYRAN-6(6AH)-ONE, 1,2,12,12A-TETRA-
  • [1]BENZOPYRANO[3,4-B]FURO[2,3-H][1]BENZOPYRAN-6(6AALPHAH)-ONE, 1,2,12,12AALPHA-TETRAHYDRO-2ALPHA-ISOPROPENYL-8,9-DIMETHOXY-
  • [1]BENZOPYRANO[3,4-B]FURO[2,3-H][1]BENZOPYRAN-6(6AH)-ONE, 1,2,12,12A-TETRAHYDRO-8,9-DIMETHOXY-2-(1-METHYLETHENYL)-, [2R-(2ALPHA,6AALPHA,12A.ALPHA]).-
  • 5'BETA-ROTENONE
  • CENOL GARDEN DUST
  • CHEM FISH
  • CHEM-MITE
  • (-)-CIS-ROTENONE
  • CUBE
  • CUBE EXTRACT
  • CUBE ROOT
  • CUBE-PULVER
  • CUBOR
  • CUREX FLEA DUSTER
  • DACTINOL
  • DERIL
  • DERRIN
  • DERRIS
  • DERRIS (INSECTICIDE)
  • DRI-KIL
  • ENT 133
  • EXTRAX
  • FISH-TOX
  • GREEN CROSS WARBLE POWDER
  • HAIARI
  • HYDRO-2-ALPHA-ISOPROPENYL-8,9-DIMETHOXY-
  • LIQUID DERRIS
  • MEXIDE
  • NCI-C55210
  • NICOULINE
  • NOXFISH
  • PARADERIL
  • POWDER AND ROOT
  • PRENTOX
  • PRO-NOX FISH
  • RO-KO
  • RONONE
  • ROTEFIVE
  • ROTEFOUR
  • ROTENON
  • ROTENONE
  • (-)-ROTENONE
  • ROTENOX
  • ROTESSENOL
  • ROTOCIDE
  • TUBATOXIN
  • TUBOTOXIN

Version 2.7.1 rev 3