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Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Saturated

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There are 158 chemical datasheets assigned to this reactive group.

What are reactive groups?

Reactive groups are categories of chemicals that typically react in similar ways because they are similar in their chemical structure. Each substance with a chemical datasheet has been assigned to one or more reactive groups, and CAMEO Chemicals uses the reactive group assignments to make its reactivity predictions. More info about reactivity predictions...

If you can't find a chemical in the database--but you know what reactive group it belongs in--you can add the reactive group to MyChemicals instead in order to see the reactivity predictions.

Flammability
The lowest-molecular-weight compounds pose significant vapor cloud explosion hazards. Ethane, propane, and butane are gases that have been involved in many explosions. All aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are combustible.
Reactivity
Materials in this group may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. When heated sufficiently or when ignited in the presence of air, oxygen or strong oxidizing agents, they burn exothermically to produce carbon dioxide and water.
Toxicity
Compounds in this group have low toxicity. They act as asphyxiants.
Other Characteristics
Compounds in this group are characterized by straight or branched carbon chains with the generic formula C(n)H(2n+2), which means that the compound contains only single bonds between the carbon atoms and contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms per carbon atom. If there is even one carbon-carbon double or triple bond present, then the compound is considered an unsaturated hydrocarbon (Group 28).

Saturated hydrocarbons are also known as alkanes or paraffins. Their physical form varies with increasing molecular weight from gaseous (methane) to solid. The solids are waxy and soft.
Examples
Propane, butane, pentane, cyclobutane, cycloheptane, hexane, cyclohexane, isopentane, cyclopentane, decane, dimethylpropane, ethane, heptane, isobutane, dodecane, isohexane, methane, isododecane.

Use the links below to find out how this reactive group interacts with any of the reactive groups in the database.

The predicted hazards and gas byproducts for each reactive group pair will be displayed, as well as documentation and references that were used to make the reactivity predictions.

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