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Carbonate Salts

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There are 13 chemical datasheets assigned to this reactive group.

What are reactive groups?

Reactive groups are categories of chemicals that typically react in similar ways because they are similar in their chemical structure. Each substance with a chemical datasheet has been assigned to one or more reactive groups, and CAMEO Chemicals uses the reactive group assignments to make its reactivity predictions. More info about reactivity predictions...

If you can't find a chemical in the database--but you know what reactive group it belongs in--you can add the reactive group to MyChemicals instead in order to see the reactivity predictions.

Flammability
Carbonate salts are nonflammable materials.
Reactivity
Carbonate salts act as weak bases and therefore participate in acid-base reactions that generate heat and release carbon dioxide. The production of CO2 may cause pressurization of vessels containing carbonates.
Toxicity
Generally nontoxic. Sodium bicarbonate is used as an anti-acid medication.
Other Characteristics
Carbonates are made from reaction between carbonic acid (aqueous carbon dioxide) and a base (or alkali). They have the formula Mx(CO3)y (e.g. Na2CO3, soda ash). Carbonate salts are generally considered weak bases, and they turn litmus paper blue. Carbonates have many uses from glass making, pulp and paper manufacture, water treatment chemicals, textile manufacture, cleaning compounds, food additives, etc.
Examples
Ammonium bicarbonate, barium carbonate, calcium carbonate, magnesite, sodium percarbonates, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate.

Use the links below to find out how this reactive group interacts with any of the reactive groups in the database.

The predicted hazards and gas byproducts for each reactive group pair will be displayed, as well as documentation and references that were used to make the reactivity predictions.

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