|CAS Number||UN/NA Number|
|DOT Hazard Label||USCG CHRIS Code|
|NIOSH Pocket Guide||International Chem Safety Card|
|Health||3||Can cause serious or permanent injury.|
|Flammability||0||Will not burn under typical fire conditions.|
|Instability||1||Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures.|
|Special||OX||Possesses oxidizing properties.|
- Strong Oxidizing Agent
Experimental work at Argonne National Laboratory has determined that there is essentially no Cl2 gas formation; the substance is quite unreactive in water. This does not prevent Cl2 formation by a catalytic mechanism, but under normal conditions calcium hypochlorite is quite unreactive. The hydration reaction was rapid and quite exothermic. The small change in gas volume was attributed to this heating. (Argonne Report ANL/DIS-00-1, October 2000).
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard. (ERG, 2020)
Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause environmental contamination. (ERG, 2020)
Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...
- Cellulose-Based Absorbents
- Expanded Polymeric Absorbents
IMMEDIATE PRECAUTIONARY MEASURE: Isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
LARGE SPILL: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 100 meters (330 feet).
FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. If ammonium nitrate is in a tank, rail car or tank truck and involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions; also, initiate evacuation including emergency responders for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2020)
SMALL FIRE: Use water. Do not use dry chemicals or foams. CO2 or Halon® may provide limited control.
LARGE FIRE: Flood fire area with water from a distance. Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. If it can be done safely, move undamaged containers away from the area around the fire.
FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned master stream devices or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. (ERG, 2020)
Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Do not get water inside containers.
SMALL DRY SPILL: With clean shovel, place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.
SMALL LIQUID SPILL: Use a non-combustible material like vermiculite or sand to soak up the product and place into a container for later disposal.
LARGE SPILL: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. (ERG, 2020)
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer when there is NO RISK OF FIRE. Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides thermal protection but only limited chemical protection. (ERG, 2020)
Call 911 or emergency medical service. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Move victim to fresh air if it can be done safely. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Contaminated clothing may be a fire risk when dry. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. Keep victim calm and warm. (ERG, 2020)
AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)No AEGL information available.
ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)No ERPG information available.
PACs (Protective Action Criteria)
|Calcium hypochlorite; (Calcium oxychloride) (7778-54-3)||2.6 mg/m3||28 mg/m3||170 mg/m3|
EPA Consolidated List of Lists
|Regulatory Name||CAS Number/
313 Category Code
|CERCLA RQ||EPCRA 313
|Calcium hypochlorite||7778-54-3||10 pounds|
(EPA List of Lists, 2022)
CISA Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)No regulatory information available.
OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard ListNo regulatory information available.
- CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE
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